Acne, a red irritating rash, is not just a problem for teenagers, it can affect people from ages 10 through 40.
Congested pores, whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, pustules, or cysts (deep pimples) are all symptons of acne.
Acne happens when oil (sebaceous) glands come to life around puberty stimulated by male hormones from the adrenal glands of both boys and girls.
Almost everyone has a pimple or two sometime in their life, with around 90% of teenagers affected.
Most frequently acne appears on the face. However, acne can also appear on the neck, behind the ears, on the chest, upper arms and in the groin.
Although acne is usually short-term it can have a potentially last effect.
Acne is not a result of uncleanliness or infrequent washing.
and acne does not come from eating a lot of so-called bad foods such as chocolate or fried foods.
Acne can be extremely distressing and it is important that you seek help if you are anxious or depressed about it.
It is not unusual for women, in particular, to develop acne in their mid-to-late 20's, even if they have not had breakouts in years (or ever).
You can do a lot to treat your acne using products available at a drugstore or cosmetic counter, that do not require a prescription.
However, for tougher cases of acne, you should consult a physician.
In occasional patients, contributing factors may include:
Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, chinstraps, collars, and the like can aggravate acne.
Drugs: Some medications may cause or worsen acne, such as those containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids (either the medically prescribed prednisone or the steroids bodybuilders or athletes take.
Occupations: In some jobs, exposure to industrial products like cutting oils may produce acne. .
Common triggers for acne include:
Exams, new relationships and other forms of stress
The time just before a period starts
Certain cosmetics and medicines
The goal with treatment is to prevent skin scarring and psychological distress, and to shorten the time someone has to put up with acne.
The treatments used depend on the severity of the acne.
Some people with severe scarring acne need powerful medicines supplied by hospital skin specialists to control acne, and laser therapy to reduce the scars.
Left untreated, severe acne can lead to disfiguring scarring, which can itself be difficult to treat.
But mild acne does not need treating as each inflamed spot will eventually heal.
Make-up can be used to cover blemishes but heavy use of concealer may make acne worse.