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A form of dermatitis, eczema involves the inflammation of the upper layers of your skin.   

Eczema diagnosis is generally based on the appearance of inflamed, itchy skin in eczema sensitive areas such as face, chest and other skin crease areas.  Dry skin can exacerbate your symptoms. 

Often eczema comes and goes in cycles, meaning that at some times of the year you feel normal, while at other times you will distance yourself from social contact.   

Although eczema is not an allergy itself, it can be triggered by allergies.

It is not contagious, so there is no need to keep a baby or child who has it away from other children, or anyone else.  

Most people with eczema have family members with the condition. 

Eczema can't be cured, but there are plenty of things you can do to prevent a flare-up. 

It can be triggered by just about anything coming in contact with the skin.  

A very common condition, it affects all races and ages, including young children. 

Eczema can be a difficult, frustrating condition.    

Eczema occurs in both children and adults, but usually appears during infancy. 

Some simple precautions can help avoid Eczema outbreaks. 

Eczema is a chronic condition, but it may be controlled with treatment and by avoiding iirritants.   

Eczema will permanently resolve by age 3 in about half of affected infants. 

Eczema most commonly causes dry, reddened skin that itches or burns, although the appearance of eczema varies from person to person and varies according to the specific type of eczema. 

Eczema can sometimes occur as a brief reaction that only leads to symptoms for a few hours or days, but in other cases, the symptoms persist over a longer time and are referred to as chronic dermatitis. 

Eczema can be red, blistering, oozing, scaly, brownish, or thickened and usually itches. 

Eczema can flare up when you are under stress. 

Eczema, although often less of a problem in adulthood, can persist, especially if a person is exposed to allergens or chemical irritants or is under stress. 

Eczema, also referred to as atopic dermatitis, is an inflammation (reddening and swelling) of the skin which is very itchy. 

Eczema affects about 10-20 per cent of schoolchildren. 

Eczema often affects the skin in areas around joints such as the elbow, behind the knees and in front of the ankles (the ‘flexures’) where the skin also needs to be particularly flexible. 

Eczema is one of the most common skin problems for children.   

Eczema may persist in adults it but should be controllable with the right treatment. 

Eczema may be set off by extreme temperatures, stress, sweating, medication, clothing (especially wool or silk), grease, oils, soap and detergents, and environmental allergens. 

Eczema can be caused by contact with substances that chemically aggravate the skin such as detergents, soaps, engine oils, strong chemicals, etc. 

Eczema is usually treated by removing known allergens, preventing the skin from becoming dry and utilizing steroid creams or antihistamines.   

It can be associated with other 'allergic'-type disorders, like allergic rhinitis and asthma.   

Eczema can be well controlled in most children by avoiding the main triggers, such as overheating and skin irritants. 

Eczema is one of the symptoms of zinc deficiency, but there is no indication that oral supplementation with zinc helps treat eczema.